Thermostat

A thermostat is a component that senses the temperature of a physical system and performs actions so that the system’s temperature is maintained near a desired setpoint.

Thermostats are used in any device or system that heats or cools to a setpoint temperature, examples include building heating, central heating, air conditioners, HVAC systems, water heaters, as well as kitchen equipment including ovens and refrigerators and medical and scientific incubators. In scientific literature, these devices are often broadly classified as thermostatically controlled loads.

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